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Surgery of Birth Defects
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Surgery of Birth Defects


  1. Ear defects...
  2. Eyelid defects...
  3. Facial defects...
  4. Neck defects...
  5. Genetic/hereditary conditions/abnormal development...
  6. Defects of chest...
  7. Defects of limbs...
  8. Defects of genitalia...
  9. Defects of spine...
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Ear defects: These can be, anotia (absent ear), microtia (small and deformed ear), lobe defects, bat ear, cup ear, lop ear, auricular tags, etc.

Case -1
Case -2
Case -3
Left ear lobule defect. Pre and Post Operative
Case -4
Case -5
Case -6
Case -7

2 Eyelid defects: full thickness defect (coloboma), drooping (ptosis), dermoids, hemangiomas etc.

Case -8
Coloboma of right upper eyelid. Pre and Postoperative.

3 Facial defects: craniofacial microsomia, treacher-collins syndrome etc.

Case -9
Number 7 Craniofacial cleft
Case -10
Number4 Craniofacial Cleft
Case -11
Hypertelorism, complete craniofacial correction. Number 0 cleft. Pre and Post Operative

4 Neck defects: torticollis (wryneck)

Case -12

5 Genetic/hereditary conditions/abnormal development: neurofibroma, hemangioma, pigmented lesions etc.

Case -13
Pigmented Nevus
Case -14
Pigmented Nevus
Case -14
Pigmented Hairy Nevus
Case -16, 17, 18, 19, 20
Pigmented Nevi
Case -21
Neurofibroma: Pre and Post Operative
Case -22, 23, 24, 25
Case -26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32

6 Defects of chest: pectus excavatum, pectus carinatum (pigeon chest), Poland syndrome etc.


7 Defects of limbs: Polydactyly (extra fingers/toes), syndactyly (fused fingers/toes), ring syndrome, short fingers/part of forearm/arm, cleft hand etc.

Case -33
Syndactyly: Pre and Post Operative
Case -34
Case -35
Case -36
Case -37
Congenital Ring Syndrome
Case -38
Radial Club Hand
Case -39
Radial Club Hand
Case -40, 41, 42
Miscellaneous Defects

8. Defects of genitalia: Hypospadias (short urethra with bent penis and urinary meatus on lower surface), epispadias (urinary meatus located on upper surface), exstrophy (absent anterior wall of abdomen and urinary bladder), intersex (anomalous genitalia), absent vaginal opening etc.

Case -43
Hypospadias, previously operated elsewhere, with fistula
Case -44
Epispadias: Lower abdominal wall and bladder closed. Prior to urethral and penile reconstruction.

9 Defects of spine: Meningomyelocele (absent lower vertebrae with open spinal cord). The operation is carried out soon after birth. While neurosurgeon closes the spinal canal, the plastic surgeon gives skin and soft tissue cover over the newly closed spinal cord.

Case -45
Meningomyelocele. Pre and Post Operative