- Ear defects
- Eyelid defects
- Facial defects
- Neck defects
- Abnormal development
- Defects of chest
- Defects of limbs
- Defects of genitalia
- Defects of spine
These can be, anotia (absent ear), microtia (small and deformed ear), lobe defects, bat ear, cup ear, lop ear, auricular tags, etc.
full thickness defect (coloboma), drooping (ptosis), dermoids, hemangiomas etc.
Craniofacial microsomia, treacher-collins syndrome etc.
Genetic/hereditary conditions/abnormal development : Neurofibroma, hemangioma, pigmented lesions etc.
Pectus excavatum, pectus carinatum (pigeon chest), Poland syndrome etc.
Polydactyly (extra fingers/toes), syndactyly (fused fingers/toes), ring syndrome, short fingers/part of forearm/arm, cleft hand etc.
Hypospadias (short urethra with bent penis and urinary meatus on lower surface), epispadias (urinary meatus located on upper surface), exstrophy (absent anterior wall of abdomen and urinary bladder), intersex (anomalous genitalia), absent vaginal opening etc.
Meningomyelocele (absent lower vertebrae with open spinal cord). The operation is carried out soon after birth. While neurosurgeon closes the spinal canal, the plastic surgeon gives skin and soft tissue cover over the newly closed spinal cord.